Turf Tips

These policies and Best Management Practices set out by Coastal Turf are for consumers to gain confidence in choosing their turf and ensuring that their new turf will create a quality lawn. But remember we will send along an installation and after care guide for you to DIY. 

Try following these simple step be step guidelines –

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Site Preparation

The quality of your site preparation will determine the quality of your new lawn. The flatter and smoother the area is before the turf is laid the higher quality your lawn will be. Prepare your area first. And then get in your turf.

  • Spray (with Round Up or Glyphosate) all weeds.
  • Remove all vegetative matter.
  • Remove all rubbish and debris (building rubble, cement and other materials that may be harmful to turf growth and development).
  • Allow for a drainage management system within the turfed area (have a plan as to where any excess water will flow to).
  • All underground infrastructure is to be clearly defined and marked to the preparation team, if this is not done any/all damage is the responsibility of the land owner


To measure the area or amount of turf (sqm) you require simply measure the length times the width. For example in the box below the length is 10m and the width is 6m, therefore the area or the amount of turf required is (10 x 6) 60sqm.

NOTE: You can even use our on-line turf calculator!

In areas that are strange shapes the easiest way to measure them is to divide it into smaller shapes and add up each individual area. For example in the diagram below, the area can be divided into 2 different areas (area A and area B). The area of A is (10m x 10m) 100m 2. The area of B is (5m x 10m x 0.5 {because the area of a triangle is half of the area of a rectangle}) 25m 2. Therefore the total area = 125m 2 (100m 2 + 25m 2)

NOTE: Coastal Turf recommends a 4% wastage factor will be incorporated in all turf areas. This is because the minimum piece of turf used is to be 400mm x 400mm, the 4% wastage factor incorporates the lost turf in ‘cut-offs’ that are smaller than that.


NOTE: Screened Organic Topsoil has chicken manure and compost incorporated into the soil mixture, often turf underlay topsoil is only a sand and loam mixture. The chicken manure and compost supply microbes into the soil, these microbes then break down old grass clippings inot organic matter and fertilizer for the grass. This means that your new turf does NOT need to rely on chemical fertilizers or water from irrigation once established. VERY WORTHWHILE!

The amount and quality of your topsoil will have a DIRECT effect on the quality of your new lawn.

  • Incorporate a minimum of 50mm (2 inches) of Screened ORGANIC Topsoil evenly throughout the entire turf area.
  • The spreading of the soil needs to create the desired landscape (flat and level or undulating hills depending on the desired result)

Note: Any undesired rises or falls will be magnified by the turf and may result in drainage problems.

  • To ensure the turf and any hardscaped areas are flush the topsoil should be approximately 25mm below the hardscape height.

Grass Selection

  • Take your time and select the right type of grass for your area, situation and needs (dependant on shade, traffic, sunlight, water requirements and maintenance).
  • Selecting the most suitable turf grass variety will result in the best quality lawn.
  • Please refer to our Turf Varieties info OR our FREE ON SITE MEASURE AND QUOTE info.
  • Our team will recommend the best lawn for your home based on the information you give us.
  • Part of our FREE MEASURE AND QUOTE info service includes bringing samples of all of our different varieites to you, that way you can see and feel the differences! Organize a FREE MEASURE AND QUOTE now!

Installation of your New Lawn!

Coastal Turf Does NOT Lay Turf, We Install New Lawns! starting to lay turf

  • A slow release organic fertiliser is recommended to be spread evenly over the area to be turfed. Organic Fertilizer is available for $27.50 for a 25kg bag.* spread 25kg per 100m2
  • The easiest way to lay the turf is to lay around the perimeter or border of the area first, then run the strips of turf along the longest side of the area. This reduces the amount of overlaps of turf at the end of each run of turf and when there is an overlap, it is an overlap of turf and turf not turf and concrete or turf and a fence – making it much easier to cut. The diagram below illustrates this:

  • Ensure there are no gaps between any of the pieces (slabs or rolls) of turf. All pieces turf should be closely butted up with each other. It is best to lay the individual pieces of turf in a brick like pattern, this ensures that there is a leading edge to follow. leading edge when laying turf
  • The turf will be laid in sectors, ensuring that each sector maintains the desired preparation quality. This prevents the preparation of the site being destroyed by traffic (by both foot and machinery).
  • A string line will be used to create a straight edge in areas where there are no other borders to run against (this ensures a uniform neat straight edge).
  • Do not use a piece of turf any smaller than 400mm x 400mm (this provides a greater chance of survival for that piece of turf and a more appealing uniform effect over the entire turfed area)
  • Ensure that all turf has direct contact with the soil. The best way to achieve this is by rolling the turf with a turf roller. rolling turf

Post Installation

  • Irrigate/Water the turf for approximately 15 minutes within 30 minutes of laying the turf.
  • Roll the entire turf area with a suitable turf roller.
  • Irrigate/Water the turf after rolling.
  • Ensure all waste materials are disposed off in a responsible manner (rubbish in any available skips, left over turf taken off the turf site).
  • Clean up any mess left on and around the turf installation site.
  • Sweep and shovel any dirt and/or pieces of turf up and responsibly dispose of them.
  • Ensure the turf site is left clean and tidy

Establishment Period

  • Coastal Turf provides all of our customers with an establishment and ongoing care recommendation sheet with detailed information.
  • All customers should follow local council watering guidelines for the establishment period of the turf (approximately 14 days).

house into home

Lawn Grubs

When there is a good shower of rain it is very important to keep an eye out for lawn grubs. They often attack your lawn after rainfall as the grass is soft, lush and thick. But don’t worry, they are easy to control.

RICHGRO lawn grub KillaCoastal uses and recommends ‘RICHGRO Lawn Beetle and Grub Killa’This product comes in an easy to apply granule (sand) form. You do NOT have to mix up any sprays. Simply sprinkle the ‘RICHGRO Lawn Beetle and Grub Killa’ over your lawn and water in (even better do it when it is raining!). Your Lawn Grub problems will be gone within 3 days! It is best to concentrate on the areas that are closest to your verandahs, awnings and large trees. It is available from all BUNNINGS stores.

Click here for more info on lawn grubs.

Lawn Mowing Heights

The single BIGGEST mistake that most Australian Lawn Owners make is mowing there lawn too low. The green part of your lawn is the part that absorbs sunlight and turns it into energy for the grass.  When the lawn is mowed too low that green part of the lawn is taken away in the catcher. This means that the lawn has to draw on the reserves that it has stored in the roots. These reserves will only provide enough energy for the grass to recover once. If that lawn is then mowed down to low AGAIN, the grass has run out of reserves and begins to die off.

Click here for more detailed info on Lawn Mowing Heights.

Turf Drying Out in Hot Summer Heat

Heat causes small circles of turf to dry out and die, the circles will start off small but if nothing is done soon they will get bigger and bigger.This problem is very easy to manage and even easier to prevent, but first we need to learn how your lawn is very similar to the bitumen on the road and an old grizzly bear, sound weird? Click here for the explanation why.